Single-crystal zinc oxide nanorods with nanovoids as highly sensitive NO2 nanosensors

posted Jan 1, 2013, 7:30 PM by Sensors VN   [ updated Jul 11, 2013, 3:09 AM ]
By: Hoang Van Han, Nguyen Duc Hoa, Pham Van Tong, Hugo Nguyen, Nguyen Van Hieu (Materials Letters)
Abstract: Design and synthesis of nanostructured materials with a highly porous crystal structure and high specific surface area are the key issues to an enhanced gas sensing performance. This letter introduces a simple and scalable hydrothermal method to fabricate single-crystal ZnO nanorods (NRs) with nanovoids (NVs) for highly sensitive NO2 nanosensors. The fabricated ZnO NRs have a single-crystal structure with an average length and diameter of about 900 nm and 23 nm, respectively. NVs of less than 5 nm size are found frequently along the NRs. Gas-sensing characterizations revealed that the ZnO NR sensors exhibited a relatively high response to sub-ppm NO2 with excellent stability after 8 cycles of switching from NO2 to dry air without significant response reduction...Full paper