Scalable fabrication of high-performance NO2 gas sensors based on tungsten oxide nanowires by on-chip growth and RuO2-functionalization.

posted Sep 30, 2014, 3:22 AM by Sensors VN   [ updated Sep 30, 2014, 3:25 AM ]
By:  Phung Thi Hong Van, Nguyen Hoang Thanh, Vu Van Quang, Nguyen Van Duy, Nguyen Duc Hoa, Nguyen Van Hieu  (ACS Appl Mater Interfaces)
Abstract: The on-chip growth and surface-functionalization have been recently regarded as promising techniques for large-scale fabrication of high performance nanowires gas sensors. Here we demonstrate a good NO2 gas-sensing performance of the tungsten oxide nanowires (TONWs) sensors realized by scalable on-chip fabrication and RuO2-functionalization. The gas response (Rg/Ra) of the RuO2-functionalized TONWs to 5 ppm of NO2 was 186.1 at 250 °C, which increased up to ∼18.6-fold compared with that of the bare TONWs. On the contrary, the responses of the bare and functionalized sensors to 10 ppm of NH3, 10 ppm of H2S and 10 ppm of CO gases were very low of about 1.5, indicating the good selectivity. In addition, the TONW sensors fabricated by the on-chip growth technique exhibited a good reversibility up to 7 cycles switching from air-to-gas with a response of 19.8 ± 0.033 (to 1 ppm of NO2), and this value was almost the same (about 19.5 ± 0.027) for 11 cycles after three months storage in laboratory condition. The response and selectivity enhancement of RuO2-functionalzied TONWs sensors was attributed to the variation of electron depletion layer due to the formation of RuO2/TONWs Schottky junctions and/or the promotion of more adsorption sites for NO2 gas molecule on the surface of TONWs, whereas the good reversibility was attributed to the formation of the stable monoclinic WO3 from the single crystal of monoclinic W18O49 after annealing at 600 °C. Full paper